The term "safety camera" is used to describe fixed speed
cameras, mobile speed cameras and red-light cameras.
Fixed speed cameras were first introduced in Bedfordshire in
1996 as a measure to improve compliance with speed limits and to
reduce casualty collisions on the A1. Cameras are sited at
collision trouble-spots where highway safety experts consider
greater speed or red-light compliance will reduce the frequency of
collisions and the severity of injuries sustained in the event
of a collision.
Evaluation of the effect of speed cameras shows that:
- the presence of speed cameras leads to greater compliance with
the speed limit
- greater compliance with speed limits leads in turn to a
reduction in speed-related collisions
- average vehicle speeds and the number of speeding vehicles are
reduced at regularly-enforced mobile locations with a historic
Core sites enforced by the Partnership's dedicated safety camera
team are identified and installed by highway safety engineers from
the highway authority and are enforced by Bedfordshire Police. They
are highly visible to deter people from speeding.
Between April 2002 and March 2007, pre-approved safety camera
operations were funded from the money collected in fixed penalty
notices from camera-detected offences under a Government
"cost-recovery" scheme. This scheme - the "National Safety Camera
Programme" - was governed by the Department for Transport.
Since April 2007, the Government has paid a Road Safety Grant to
local highway authorities, part of which is used to fund safety
camera operations in Bedfordshire and Luton. The purpose of
cameras is to deter speeding to make the roads safer, not to
generate income from speeding fines.